Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people: key references and evidence


Bailey JV, Kavanagh J, Owen C, et al. Lesbians and cervical screening. British Journal of General Practice 2000; 50(455): 481-482.

Coia N, John S, Dobbie F, Bruce S, McGranachan M, Simons L. Something to tell you: a health needs assessment of young gay, lesbian and bisexual people in Glasgow. Glasgow: Greater Glasgow NHS Board; 2002.

Copas A J, Wellings K, Erens B, Mercer C H, et al. The accuracy of reported sensitive sexual behaviour in Britain: exploring the extent of change 1990-2000. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2002; 78; 26-30.

Erens B, McManus S, Prescott A, et al. National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles II: Reference tables and summary report. London: National Centre for Social Research; 2003.

Fish J, Anthony D. UK national Lesbians and Health Care Survey. Women & Health 2005; 41(3):27-45.

Frisch M, Glimelius B, Van Den Brule AJC, et al. Sexually transmitted infection as a cause of anal cancer. N.Engl.J.Med. 1997; 337(19): 1350-1358.

Hunt R, and Fish J, Prescription for Change: Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Health Check, Stonewall Scotland, 2008.

Johnson A M, Mercer C H, Erens B, et al. Natsal 2000. Sexual behaviour in Britain: partnerships, practices and HIV risk behaviours. Lancet 2001; 358; 1835-1842.

King M, McKeown E, Warner J, et al. Mental health and quality of life of gay men and lesbians in England and Wales: controlled, cross-sectional study. See comment. British Journal of Psychiatry 2003; 183:552-558. 

King M, Nazareth I. The health of people classified as lesbian, gay and bisexual attending family practitioners in London: a controlled study. BMC Public Health 2006; 6:127. 

Knussen C, Flowers P, McDaid LM, Hart GJ. HIV-related sexual risk behaviour between 1996 and 2008, according to age, among men who have sex with men (Scotland). Sexually Transmitted Infections 2011 Apr;87(3):257-9.

McDaid LM, Hart GJ. Increased HIV testing and reduced undiagnosed infection among gay men in Scotland, 2005-8: support for the opt-out testing policy? Sexually Transmitted Infections 2011 Apr;87(3):221-4.

Mercer C M, Fenton K A, Copas A J, et al. Increasing prevalence of male homosexual partnerships and practices in Britain 1990-2000: evidence from national probability surveys. AIDS 2004; 18 (10):1453-1458.

Mercer, C. H., Tanton, C., Prah, P., Erens, B., Sonnenberg, P., Clifton, S., Macdowall, W., Lewis, R., Field, N., Datta, J., Copas, A. J., Phelps, A., Wellings, K., & Johnson, A. M. 2013, "Changes in sexual attitudes and lifestyles in Britain through the life course and over time: findings from the National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal)", The Lancet, vol. 382, no. 9907, pp. 1781-1794.

Robertson J, Martin S, Davidson M, Wilson J. Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2013. Edinburgh: Surveys Branch, Strategic Analytical Policy Unit, Office of the Chief Statistician and Strategic Analysis, The Scottish Government; 2015.  Available from: URL: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/About/Surveys/SSCQ/SSCQ2013

Ryan H, Wortley PM, Easton A, et al. Smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: a review of the literature. Am.J.Prev.Med. 2001; 21(2): 142-149.

Scottish Government. Sexual Orientation in Scotland 2017 - A Summary of the Evidence Base. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2017.

Sexually Transmitted Infection Epidemiology Advisory Group. Scotland's Sexual Health Information (1960Kb). Health Protection Scotland, ISD Scotland Publications, December 2010. Previous annual reports produced by STIEAG are also available on the same webpage.

Smith AD. The ethnic origin of nations. Oxford: Blackwell, 1987

Warner J, McKeown E, Griffin M et al. Rates and predictors of mental illness in gay men, lesbians and bisexual men and women; Results from a survey based in England and Wales. British Journal of Psychiatry 2004; 185: 479-485.

Effectiveness evidence

ScotPHO's purpose is to describe the pattern of health across the Scottish population. As a supplementary service to users, we include the following links to external sources of quality-assured evidence on effectiveness of interventions which may include relevant material for this topic. These links are provided as an aid to users. They are by no means exhaustive nor should they be necessarily viewed as authoritative.

NHS Health Scotland: Scottish briefings on NICE public health guidance

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Cochrane Library: Browse by topic

EPPI-Centre: Evidence library

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Evidence services: Evidence search

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance: Find guidance

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)


Please note: ScotPHO is not responsible for the content or reliability of linked websites and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Listing should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. ScotPHO can take no responsibility for information contained on websites maintained by other organisations or for actions taken as a result of information contained on websites maintained by other organisations.

To report a broken link on the ScotPHO website, please email details to the ScotPHO teamThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it of the web page containing the broken link together with the web address you were unable to access.