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Tobacco use: key references and evidence


Carter BD, Abnet CC, Feskanich D, Freedman ND, Hartge P, et al. Smoking and mortality — beyond established causes. New England Journal of Medicine 2015;372:631-640.

Doll R, Peto R, Boreham J, Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors. British Medical Journal 2004;328:1519-28.

Doll R, Peto R, Wheatley K, Gray R, Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 40 years' observations on male British doctors. British Medical Journal 1994;309:901-911.

Gruer L, Hart CL, Gordon DS, Watt GCM. Effect of tobacco smoking on survival of men and women by social position: a 28 year cohort study. British Medical Journal 2009; 338.

Hart CL, Gruer L, Bauld L. Does smoking reduction in midlife reduce mortality risk? Results of 2 long-term prospective cohort studies of men and women in Scotland.American Journal of Epidemiology 2013; 178(5): 770–779.

Hart CL, Gruer L, Watt GC. Cause specific mortality, social position, and obesity among women who had never smoked: 28 year cohort study. British Medical Journal 2011;342:d3785. Epub 2011 Jun 28.

Hole D. Passive smoking and associated causes of death in adults in Scotland.(734Kb) Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2005.

Iversen L, Fielding S, Hannaford PC. Smoking in young women in Scotland and future burden of hospital admission and death: a nested cohort study.British Journal of General Practice 2013;63(614):463.

NHS Health Scotland, ASH Scotland. Reducing smoking and tobacco related harm, 2003. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2003.

NHS Health Scotland, ISD Scotland, ASH Scotland. An atlas of tobacco smoking in Scotland. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland / ScotPHO, 2007.

NHS Health Scotland, ASH Scotland. A guide to smoking cessation in Scotland 2010. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2010.

Peto R, Darby S, Deo H, Silcocks P, Whitley E, Doll R. Smoking, smoking cessation, and lung cancer in the UK since 1950. British Medical Journal 2000;321:323-9.

Pirie K, Peto R, Reeves GK, Green J, Beral  V, for the Million Women Study Collaborators. The 21st century hazards of smoking and benefits of stopping: a prospective study of one million women in the UK. Lancet 2012; 381:133-141.

Scientific Committee on Tobacco and Health. Secondhand smoke: Review of evidence since 1998.(165Kb) London: Department of Health, 2004.

Taulbut M, Gordon D, McKenzie K. Tobacco smoking in Scotland: an epidemiology briefing. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland / ScotPHO, 2008.

Taulbut M, Gordon D. Young adult smokers in Scotland. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland / ScotPHO, 2008.

Key policy documents

Department of Health. Smoking kills: A Tobacco white paper 1998. London: TSO, 1998.

Scottish Office. Towards a healthier Scotland: A white paper on health. Edinburgh: TSO, 1999.

Scottish Executive. Our national health: A plan for action, a plan for change, 2000. Edinburgh: TSO, 2000.

Scottish Executive. Cancer in Scotland: Action for change. Edinburgh: TSO, 2001.

Scottish Executive. Improving health in Scotland: The Challenge, 2003. Edinburgh: TSO, 2003.

Scottish Executive. A breath of fresh air for Scotland: Tobacco control action plan, 2004. Edinburgh: TSO, 2004.

Smoking, Health and Social Care (Scotland) Act 2005.

Smoking Prevention Working Group. Towards a future without tobacco. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2006.

Scottish Government. Scotland's future is smoke free: A smoking prevention action plan, 2008. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2008.

Scottish Government. Creating a Tobacco-Free Generation A Tobacco Control Strategy for Scotland, 2013. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2013.

Tobacco and Primary Medical Services (Scotland) Act (SP Bill 22).

Effectiveness evidence

ScotPHO's purpose is to describe the pattern of health across the Scottish population. As a supplementary service to users, we include the following links to external sources of quality-assured evidence on effectiveness of interventions which may include relevant material for this topic. These links are provided as an aid to users. They are by no means exhaustive nor should they be necessarily viewed as authoritative.

NHS Health Scotland: Scottish briefings on NICE public health guidance

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Cochrane Library: Browse by topic

EPPI-Centre: Evidence library

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Evidence services: Evidence search

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance: Find guidance

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)

Please note: ScotPHO is not responsible for the content or reliability of linked websites and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Listing should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. ScotPHO can take no responsibility for information contained on websites maintained by other organisations or for actions taken as a result of information contained on websites maintained by other organisations.

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Page last updated: 12 September 2017

© Scottish Public Health Observatory 2014