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Gambling: data

Data on gambling behaviour in Scotland focuses on gambling participation, at-risk gambling and problem gambling. Tables 1-3 below show data from the 2014 Scottish Health Surveys on gambling participation (Table 1), at-risk and problem gambling based on the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) measure (Table 2) and problem gambling based on two different measures, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and the PGSI (Table 3).

In 2014, around two thirds of Scottish adults reported gambling in the past year (69% of men and 61% of women, table 1). There is no agreement on the best measure of problem gambling, and two scores are in common use - the score based on DSM-IV and the PGSI score. Based on the PGSI score 0.7% of Scottish adults were identified as problem gamblers in 2014 (table 2), with more men than women affected. These figures come from supplementary tables published with the 2014 Scottish Health Survey. Further background information is available in Chapter 9 of the 2012 Scottish Health Survey report.

Table 1: Self-reported participation in gambling among adults (aged 16 and over) during the past year, by gender and type of gambling, Scotland, 2014.

Gambling participation

Men (%)

Women (%)

All (%)

National Lottery Draw 54 48 51
Scratchcards 6 7 7
Other lotteries 14 19 15
Football pools 3 2 2
Bingo 2 9 6
Fruit/slot machines 11 4 7
Machines in a bookmakers 7 1 4
Table games in a casino 6 2 4
Poker in a pub/club 2 0 1
Online casino/bingo/slot style games 5 2 4
Online betting 15 3 9
Betting exchange 2 0 1
Betting on horses with a bookmaker (not online) 14 7 11
Betting on dogs with a bookmaker (not online) 4 0 2
Betting on sports events with a bookmaker (not online) 15 2 8
Betting on other events with a bookmaker (not online) 4 0 2
Spreadbetting 1 0 0
Private betting/gambling 6 2 4
Other 3 1 2
All past year gambling 69 61 65
Any online gambling (not National Lottery) 16 5 10

Source: Scottish Health Survey, 2014, supplementary tables, file 15.

 

Table 2: At risk and problem gambling among adults aged 16 years and over, by gender, Scotland 2014, based on problem gambling severity index (PGSI) score
PGSI score 2014 (%)
Men
0: Non-problem gambler / non-gambler 91.0
1-2: Low risk gambler 4.8
3-7: Moderate risk gambler 2.9
8+: Problem gambler 1.3
Women
0: Non-problem gambler / non-gambler 98.5
1-2: Low risk gambler 1.0
3-7: Moderate risk gambler 0.3
8+: Problem gambler 0.2
All
0: Non-problem gambler / non-gambler 94.9
1-2: Low risk gambler 2.9
3-7: Moderate risk gambler 1.5
8+: Problem gambler 0.7

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2014, supplementary tables, file 15.

 

Table 3: Prevalence of problem gambling as measured by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV (DSM-IV) and Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) instruments for adults aged 16 and over, Scotland, 2014.
Screening instrument Proportion of adults (16+) identified as problem gamblers (%)
Identified by DSM-IV 0.6
Identified by PGSI 0.7
Identified by both DSM-IV and PGSI 0.5
Identified by either DSM-IV or PGSI 0.8

Source: Scottish Health Survey 2014, supplementary tables, file 15.

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.

Page last updated: 12 September 2017

© Scottish Public Health Observatory 2014